All about car lead battery recycling process from the beginning to today

The lead-acid battery was first invented in 1859 by French engineer Gaston Planté. These batteries were developed as a form of energy storage for experimentation in the telegraph field. Initially, lead-acid batteries were very expensive, but over the years they have become increasingly affordable and have been widely used in many industries, including the production of electric vehicles and backup power for data centers and telecommunication stations. Today, lead-acid batteries are among the most widely used and represent an important asset for our modern world.


Vehicle battery recycling market

The vehicle battery recycling market in 2022 is poised for significant growth due to the increasing demand for electric and hybrid vehicles. As more people switch to eco-friendly transportation options, the volume of batteries that need to be recycled is also expected to rise.

The global market for vehicle battery recycling is expected to reach US$25.6 billion by 2022, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.1% from 2017 to 2022. This growth is attributed to the increase in the number of end-of-life batteries that need to be recycled, as well as government regulations and initiatives that promote sustainable practices.


The Asia-Pacific region is expected to lead the market, with China being the largest consumer of lead-acid batteries for electric vehicles. Europe and North America are also significant players in the market, with increasing investments in recycling facilities and technologies.


The key players in the vehicle battery recycling market are focusing on developing advanced technologies that can efficiently and effectively recycle different types of batteries. These technologies include hydrometallurgical and pyrometallurgical processes, as well as mechanical and chemical separation techniques.


The recycled materials obtained from vehicle batteries, such as lead, lithium, nickel, and cobalt, are in high demand in various industries, including automotive, electronics, and energy storage. This creates a market opportunity for companies that are involved in battery recycling.

However, challenges in the vehicle battery recycling market include the high cost of recycling technologies and the lack of infrastructure for collecting and transporting end-of-life batteries. These challenges need to be addressed through collaboration between government, industry, and consumers to promote sustainable practices and increase the demand for recycled materials.

According to the latest reports, the global automotive battery market size is expected to reach USD 95.57 billion by 2022, growing at a CAGR of 6.5% from 2017 to 2022. In Europe, the automotive battery market was valued at USD 10.96 billion in 2016 and is projected to reach USD 17.38 billion by 2022, growing at a CAGR of 7.5% during the forecast period (2017-2022).

How it works the recycling process of lead-acid batteries

The recycling process of lead-acid batteries involves several steps. First, the batteries are crushed into pieces and the acid is drained off. Then, the lead and plastic are separated by mechanical processes. The lead is melted and cast into ingots, while the plastic is sent for further processing. The recovered sulfuric acid is filtered, purified and sold to various industries.


The lead recovered from recycled batteries is of high purity and quality, making it usable in the production of new batteries, as well as in other industries such as radiation shielding, ammunition, and construction. Recycling batteries also leads to a reduction in waste, energy consumption, and greenhouse gas emissions.


Companies interested in setting up a lead-acid battery recycling plant can contact organizations such as the International Lead Association, Battery Council International, and EuRIC (European Recycling Industries’ Confederation) for guidance and support. These organizations provide access to technical expertise, networking opportunities, and industry-specific information.

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